Good oral health is important for everyone, no matter what age. It’s something we all need to take seriously and devote time to in order to have a healthy mouth, teeth and gums. This article explains the basics of oral health and dental conditions, as well as their treatments.
Understanding Oral Health & Dental Hygiene
Oral health is more than just brushing your teeth twice a day – it’s about forming habits that protect your oral health for life. While oral health starts with basic steps such as brushing and flossing, there are other factors involved, too; diet, lifestyle choices, genetics and medical history all play a part. Good dental hygiene helps to avoid oral health problems and maintain a healthy mouth, teeth and gums.
Brushing & Flossing Basics
Brushing your teeth twice a day is the most important step in oral hygiene. It’s important to use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, as well as floss, every day. Doing this will help remove plaque, bacteria and food debris from around the teeth that can cause decay or gum disease.
Healthy Diet for Oral Health
A balanced diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables, dairy products and proteins helps to keep oral health in check. Foods that contain high levels of sugar should be avoided or consumed in moderation – sugar feeds oral bacteria, leading to decay and other oral health problems.
Regular Visits to the Dentist
Having regular dental check-ups is essential for maintaining oral health. The dentist can detect any issues early on and provide advice so that further damage isn’t done. It’s important to visit the dentist twice a year for a professional clean and check-up.
Dental Conditions & Treatments
There are many different oral health conditions that can affect oral health, such as cavities, gum disease and oral cancer. Each condition has its own symptoms and treatments – some may require medication, while others need more serious interventions such as surgery or implants. Understanding the condition and its treatments can help to manage oral health in the long term.
Cavities & Fillings
Cavities are caused by bacteria that attack the teeth, leading to a hole in the enamel of the tooth. Fillings are used to repair cavities and stop further decay – they come in various materials, such as gold and composite resin.
Gum Disease & Cleaning
Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue that causes inflammation, swelling and bleeding. Professional cleaning can help treat gum disease – this involves scaling (removing tartar) above and below the gum line, followed by root planing (smoothing out rough spots on teeth roots).
Oral Cancer & Surgery
Oral cancer is a serious condition that can affect oral health in the form of tumours or sores and can lead to disfigurement. Treatment usually involves surgery to remove the affected tissue – radiation therapy may also be used if necessary.
Having good oral health is important for everyone, no matter what age. It’s something we all need to take seriously and devote time to in order to have healthy teeth, gums and mouths. Good oral hygiene helps avoid oral health problems, while regular visits to the dentist are essential for the early detection of any issues so that further damage isn’t done. Understanding dental conditions and their treatments are also important so that oral health can be managed in the long term.
A. It’s recommended to visit the dentist twice a year for a professional clean and check-up.
A. Root planing is a procedure used to treat gum disease, where rough spots on teeth roots are smoothed out using special instruments.
A. Oral cancer is a very serious condition that needs to be treated as soon as possible – treatment usually involves surgery and possibly radiation therapy too, depending on the severity of the case.